Ancient City of Caunos - Historical Places
Kaunos, which was a commercially important port city in ancient times, lost its character as a port when the sea was filled with alluvium.
According to Herodotus, father of history, the Caunos were among the inhabitants of Caria but considered themselves Cretans. The geographer Strabon writes that Caunos had a shipyard and a harbor that could be closed. The city was founded by the son of Miletus, Kaunos, who was deported because he had an improper relationship with his twin sister. The rock tombs, which can be seen from Dalyan, were built in the 4th century BC and later used in the Roman Period. There are three stone beds in the Lycian type tombs where the dead are laid. There are two Ionic columns and frieze and pediment on the façade. One of the pediments has lion reliefs.
The port of the city was Sülüklü Göl down the acropolis. At that time the sea came to the acropolis of Caunos.
When Persians conquered Anatolia completely, the city came under Mausolos' rule. Alexander the Persians defeated the Persians in 334 BC Princess Island, then Antigonos, then entered the administration of Ptolemy. The Kingdom of Rhodes, the king of Pergamum and the Roman Empire was under sovereignty. The port began to lose importance with the filling.
The acropolis was built on a 152-meter-high hill. The northern one of the walls is from the Middle Ages. The long fortification starts from the north of the harbor and extends to the steep cliff beyond the village of Dalyan. The northern part of the wall was built during the reign of Mausolos. The northwest is from the Hellenistic Period. The ones towards the harbor are from the Archaic Period.
The theater is at the foot of the acropolis. 33 There are seats. One of the building remains to the west of the theater belongs to the basilica type church. Others belong to the Roman Baths and Temple.
The podium is raised below three steps behind the structure, which is built as an incomplete circle and has ribbed columns below. Here you can see the ruins of the temple. It is not known what the circular structure is.
The stoa was unearthed during excavations to the north of Sülüklü Göl, the old harbor. Many statue bases were found around it, but no statues were found. The fountain near the stoa has been restored.
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