Marmaris Castle - Historical Places
Marmaris Museum is located in the historical Marmaris Castle.
The castle is built on a peninsula, overlooking the sea behind Marmaris Harbor. The first information about Marmaris Castle BC. The historian Herodotus from Halicarnassus (Bodrum) lives between 490-425. Herodotus castle was first BC. 3. Tells that the thousandth. Physkos (Marmaris), which was a Carian City during this period, is a transit point between the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea as it is today.
The only written source mentioning the construction of Marmaris Castle is Evliya Çelebi's Travelogue. A.D. 17th Century Evliya Çelebi, who visited the Muğla region, says in his famous Travelogue that the castle was built in 1522 by the Ottoman Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent during the Rhodes campaign and that it was used as a military base.
Hafsa Sultan Caravanserai is located at the entrance of the narrow and stepped street leading to the castle. It is understood from the inscription on the entrance gate of the caravanserai that it was built in 1545 by the Ottoman ruler Kanuni Sultan Süleyman on behalf of his mother. The purpose of the construction is related to accommodation and trade during the Rhodes campaign. The caravanserai has a rectangular plan and two floors and consists of seven small large rooms and a bath. The lower floors of the room are used for shops, and the upper floors are used for accommodation and are covered with arches. Marmaris Castle and Caravanserai exhibit an uniqueness to the complex structures of the period.
A significant part of the castle was destroyed during the First World War in 1914 by the artillery of a French battleship. It was known that there were 18 houses, a fountain and a cistern.
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