Patara Ancient City, Kalkan - Historical Places
Where is the Ancient City of Patara?
The ancient city of Patara is located in the village of Ovagelemiş in the southwest end of the Xanthos Valley between Fethiye and Kalkan and is one of the most important and oldest cities of Lycia. Professor from Akdeniz University. Dr. The ancient city of Patara, excavated by Fahri Işık and his team since 1988, is of particular importance as it is one of the rare beaches where Mediterranean turtles Caretta-Carettas lay their eggs and fry for millions of years.
Patara Ancient City History:
In the Hittite texts of the 13th century BC, the name of the city is mentioned as Patar. The potsherds uncovered in the Tepecik Acropolis contain Middle Bronze Age features, and the stone ax dating back to the pre-Iron Age, which was unearthed on the eastern slopes of Tepecik, shows how long the history of Patara goes. Patara, which has continued to be an important city throughout history because it is the only place that can be opened to the sea in the Xanthos Valley, is named as Patara in the Lycian language on the inscriptions and coins.
Patara BC It became the leading city of Lycia when it came under the rule of Ptolemy in the 3rd century. BC Patara was accepted as the capital of Lycia when Lycia was controlled by the Seleucid Kingdom at the beginning of the 2nd century. This situation became official in 1667/168 BC when Patara gained autonomy against Rome and independence against Rhodes and Patara became the capital of the Lycian Union. Monumental structures such as the Parliament Building and Theater, built in the Hellenistic period in the capital, are parallel to this historical process. Patara, which did not lose its importance after the reign of the Roman Empire, was a center where the Roman governorships had judicial affairs and also maintained its importance as a naval base where Rome established its connection with the eastern provinces. BUSINESS. Lycia in 43, while the province of Rome, IS. In 74, Lycian and Pamphylia were merged into a single state and Patara's capital continued.
Patara, which became famous as an important center of prophecy of Apollo, is also a port where the grains transported from Anatolia to Rome are stored and stored. The city, which continued its importance during the Byzantine period, became an important center for Christians. Saint Nicholaos, known as Santa Claus, is from Patara. Also nearby are Paul boarded the ship from Patara to Rome. Presided by Emperor Constantine The fact that Bishop Eudemos, the sole signatory of Lycian in the İznik consul in 325, was the Bishop of Patara is proof that the city was also popular during this period. Patara, which has continued its importance throughout the Middle Ages, has reached today as an important center with the arrival of the Turks. The entrance to the city's present-day ruins is made from the magnificent and well-preserved Roman triumphal arch. BUSINESS. It is understood from the inscriptions that it was built in the name of the governor of the region in 100 years. On the slopes of the hill west of Takın, the cemetery area with Lycian type sarcophagi extends. Leaning on Kurşunlu Tepe at the southernmost end of the city, the Theater was built after the earthquake. It is understood from the inscriptions that it was rebuilt in 147. Kurşunlu Tepe where the theater leans is the most beautiful corner where the general view of the city can be seen. Other ruins of the city from here; Vespasian Bath, Corinthian Temple, main street, harbor and granary can be easily viewed. The granary behind the swamp to the northwest of the hill is one of the monumental structures of Patara that remains today and was built by Emperor Hadrian and his wife Sabina. It was built in 2.y.y. To the north of the theater is the Parliament Building, where Patara, the capital of the Lycian Union, hosts meetings. The city's water is about 20 km. northeast of Islamlar Village near Kızıltepe. Between the source and the city; The so-called "Hole Belt" is the most monumental part of the waterways.
How to get to Patara?
Patara minibuses can be reached from Kaş and Kalkan.