Aperlai Ancient City, Kas - Historical Places
The Aperlai Ancient City is located at the beginning of a long and narrow bay on the Sıçak Peninsula between Kas and Kekova today. It is the easiest way to travel from Kaş and Üçağız to Sıçak Pier in terms of transportation from the sea. The original name of the city is "Aprillai" in Luwi and means "Strait of the River". Aperlai is a small size Lycian port city. B.C. V. and IV. Silver coins written in Lykia language, which are suppressed by APR and PRL abbreviations as works of the century, point to the existence of Aperlai before the Lycian Union. It is possible to find the name of the city mostly in the late period writers in Plinius, Stadiasmus, Ptolemy, and Hierokles. In the 16th century, it is also mentioned in the Book of Piri Reis, as a sheltered harbor, where it was completely abandoned and where three or five families of fishermen were housed. Unlike other Roman-ruled Lycian cities of Aperlai, whose coins of the Union period were also recovered, only III. It is known that he had the power to print coins at the time of Gordianus. During the Lycian League, Aperlai was at the head of the union where three cities had “one vote” according to some sources. It is certain that Aperlai signed and formed a "sympoliteia" with Simena, Apollonia and Isinda. In the inscriptions, citizens of these three cities were mentioned as “Aperlaians from Simena” and their ethnic names were not used. In the Byzantine Episcopal records, the name appears as "Aprillae".
The ruins of the city are located on the northern side of the gulf at the foot of the hill descending towards the sea. Aperlai Ancient City is surrounded by towers reinforced with towers, using rectogonal and polygonal techniques starting from the seaside and extending towards the acropolis. There are three defense towers with a square plan above the northern walls. The western wall, which is best preserved, has three doors, two of which are flat and one with arches. The south wall continues perpendicular to the hill slope and is polygonal. Although it is largely destroyed today, there is a door in the middle part that provides access to the city and has a tower on both sides. As in all Lycian port cities, two Roman ruins near the port were found in Aperlai. Two small sized Byzantine Church ruins, one in the northwest corner of the acropolis and the other in the south-east corner, attract attention. BUSINESS. It was built on a basilical plan in both churches dating back to the 6th and 7th centuries, reflecting the architecture of the Early Byzantine church. There are two narrow corridors on both sides of the middle wide corridor and an apse with a semicircular plan at the end. The necropolis of the city is located to the east of the fortress walls and there are many Lycian sarcophagi. The remains of the dock, the buildings belonging to the dock and the structures close to the dock are under water today.
Visiting Hours of Aperlai Ancient City: There is no day and hour limitation to visit.
Aperlai Ancient City Holidays: Can be visited every day.
Aperlai Ancient City Entrance Fee: Free
Source: "Aperlai", Antalya from Past to Present (Volume II), Antalya Culture and Tourism Directorate (2012)
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